Conservation

Current issues

Scarlet Larkspur (Delphinium cardinale)

The Chapter has since its inception been actively involved in conservation issues including some, particularly those affecting environmentally sensitive areas like Fort Ord and the Del Monte Forest; these have been ongoing for many years and are still active.

The first section covers those matters with which the chapter is currently active.  The second section covers matters which are still of current interest but not requiring active input from the chapter.

Fort Ord - Eastside Parkway / Realignment of South Boundary Road

A plan to develop a southwest-northeast artery through Fort Ord, known as the Eastside Parkway, has recently been revived. This would have a major impact on one of the Native Plant Reserves, appears to be in clear breach of the agreement between FORA and the Chapter and is being strongly opposed by the Chapter.

Similarly, a proposed realignment of South Boundary Road at the southern end of Fort Ord directly impacts one of the plant reserves and vigorous efforts are being made by CNPS to eliminate or at least minimize any such impact. A significant population of the endangered Seaside Bird’s-beak (Cordylanthus rigidus subsp. littoralis) is threatened by the proposed realignment.  Representatives of the chapter met with FORA representatives on January 18th.  Certain aspects of the proposals remain to be clarified before substantive discussions can take place.  Meanwhile, on February 11th, the Monterey County Superior Court heard a case brought by Keep Fort Ord Wild against FORA arguing that FORA breached state environmental laws in its approval of the South Boundary Road realignment proposals.  As of the beginning of March, judgment is pending but the court did express concerns about the impact of the realignment proposals on the Native Plant Reserve in the immediate area.

Attachments:
1975 Resources Document
Map of Fort Ord Trails showing Native Plant Reserves
Fremontia Article – July 1976
Army Brochure on Fort Ord rare plants
7-Sept-17 letter to Ralph Rubio
20-July-18 letter to Michael Houlemard
27-Nov-18 letter to Jonathan Brinkman

Jacks Peak Park Cal Fire Grant

The Chapter submitted comments to the Board of Supervisors on this $117k grant to remove fuel vegetation along park roads and around infrastructure. The project planner expressed willingness to accept input from CNPS during the planning process to protect special status plants, Central Maritime Chaparral, and high-quality Monterey Pine Forest.

Attachments:
Letter to Monterey Co Supervisors

PG&E North Monterey County Powerline Maintenance

Letter to Monterey Co Supervisors
PG&E North Monterey County Powerline Maintenance
The proposed project is a grading and vegetation removal effort in an area of Environmentally Sensitive Habitat. The Chapter submitted comments voicing major concerns regarding the lack of success criteria and monitoring for restoration to address grading on erosive slopes in excess of 25% and the removal of special status plants and Central Maritime Chaparral.

Attachments:
Letter to Monterey Co. Zoning Administrator

California Central Coast Veterans Cemetery Project

The Chapter submitted scoping comments on the EIR/EA for Phase 2, which includes development of approximately 4.3 additional acres. We voiced concerns over the cumulative loss of oak woodland habitat and the failure to locate a suitable replacement site for the Phase 1 required mitigation. We requested an updated rare plant survey be included in the final site design with appropriate mitigations attached.

Attachments:
Letter with Comments on Draft EA and IS/MND -July 2014
14-Dec-18 letter to Senior Environmental Planner re Draft EIR – Dec 2018

South of Tioga, Sand City

The Chapter spoke at a City Council meeting to point out that the project Coastal Development Permit application failed to address consistency with Sand City’s own Local Coastal Program. The Draft Habitat Conservation Plan was acquired through a Public Records Act request. An important population of the endangered Monterey Gilia (Gilia tenuiflora subsp. arenaria) is threatened by this proposed development.

Attachments:
Letter 4-Jun-18 to Sand City re Final Environmental Impact Report
CPRA Request to Sand City

Rare plant issues at Pico Blanco Boy Scout Camp

Our chapter has been working at least since the 1980’s to modify activities at PBBSC that have been damaging the habitat of the rare Dudley’s lousewort (Pedicularis dudleyi). In November 2012,the chapter sent a letter to the various agencies having jurisdiction over rare plants urging that protective actions be taken. Since then the local scout council has merged with the Santa Clara Scout Council. The new leadership indicated that it wants to work with our chapter to resolve the problems, and in June 2013, various chapter representatives, along with CA Dept. of Fish & Wildlife biologist Jeff Cann, met with Ron Schoenmehl, Director of Support Services; Michael Wilson, Camping Manager; and biologist Andrea Edwards, who is working on a plant management plan for the camp, to look at some of the problem areas and discuss possible solutions. Of particular concern has been the removal of “hazard” trees, especially Douglas firs, which provide essential habitat for the lousewort; methods of protecting the existing plant populations, and plans for further removal of trees for fire safety. The chapter continues to play an active role in monitoring the progress of the plant’s population and habitat.

In January 2019, David J Keil published a treatment of Pedicularis rigginsiae (the Arroyo de la Cruz lousewort), a San Luis Obispo County endemic. See Phytoneuron 2019-2: 1-8. This population had formerly been treated as P. dudleyi, and its recognition as a separate species significantly decreases the known range of P. dudleyi. Professor Keil recommends that P. dudleyi retains its Rare Plant Rank of 1b.2.

Ferrini Ranch – Highway 68, adjoining Toro Park

This is a project, dating back to 2009, on 870 acres adjoining Toro Park to create 212 homes and a 35-acre winery on 870 acres adjoining Toro Park. It would involve removing 921 oak trees and remove 3-4 acres of parkland for the access road. Despite strenuous objections, the Board of Supervisors approved the project in late 2014. Litigation is ongoing to try to reverse this approval.

Carmel Area State Parks – General Plan

In May 2012, the California State Parks Department announced the first public workshop intended to serve as the “CEQA scoping meeting” at which the issues to be covered in a general plan for the Carmel Area State Parks plan will be identified. This process was apparently initiated because many local residents opposed a proposal the previous year for a zipline in the unit across from Point Lobos without having a General Plan in place. In late 2018, our Chapter submitted comments on the Draft EIR and the Preliminary General Plan. Protection of sensitive plant habitats and continued access to the Gowen Cypress Forest were stressed.

Attachments:
1-Oct-18 letter to CA State Parks re Draft Environment Impact Report

California Flats Solar Project – Southeast of Parkfield

First Solar Corporation met with members of our chapter to provide an update to the biological report for this 2,500 acre solar project just southeast of Parkfield. The project impacts 11 sensitive plant species and 500 acres of wildflower fields. Mitigation is proposed, but our chapter is not convinced it will be adequate. Unfortunately, the mitigation plan is deferred until after the project approval. Degraded agricultural lands would be much more appropriate than an area rich with sensitive plants. Conservation groups have been pursuing mediation with the Governor’s office to improve the mitigation.

Clear Creek Management Area, Paicines

This is an exceptional area of unusual serpentine barrens and habitats surrounding San Benito Mountain in eastern San Benito County. It is home to several endangered species and numerous sensitive species. This area was closed in May 2008 because of health concerns stemming from the presence of asbestos in the area. In March 2014, limited areas were opened for non-motorized access only. Our chapter had been involved for decades, trying to get BLM to limit damage to the environment caused by largely unchecked motorcycle and Off Highway Vehicle (OHV) usage. Pressure from a lawsuit, which our chapter was instrumental in, led to the BLM finally designating a route network and open play areas — about 15 years ago. Expanding usage and limited BLM enforcement, though, allowed erosion and damage to continue. BLM then issued an emergency closure due to concerns about asbestos exposure about ten years ago. In 2013 Rep. Sam Farr introduced a bill. HR 1776, to establish a Clear Creek Recreational Area and, among other matters, to reopen some 270 miles of routes and open areas to OHV usage. It is unclear how this proposal can be reconciled with the health concerns that caused the closure of the area in 2008. This bill did not proceed but a  new bill (HR 403) was introduced in January 2019 by Representative Jimmy Panetta to create a Clear Creek National Recreation Area.  The pre-existing concerns are still very much present and the Chapter, state CNPS and Calwild (the California Wilderness Coalition) have all expressed concerns about the current form of the bill and are opposing it unless a number of changes are made to it.

Rancho Cañada Village

This was a project dating back to before 2005 to build over 280 houses on the site previously occupied by the Rancho Cañada West Course. There were numerous objections, by our chapter among many others to such a development in the flood plain of the Carmel River on both public safety and environmental grounds. A more modest proposal for 130 units was put forward in early 2014 and approved by the Board of Supervisors in December 2016. In September 2018, a Superior Court Judge Lydia Villarreal issued an intended decision that the board’s approval of this development on an 81-acre portion of the former Rancho Cañada golf course site was flawed because the proposal’s environmental impact report included a project description that was inaccurate and its analysis of project alternatives was inadequate.